Automated Guided Vehicle

An automated guided vehicle or automatic guided vehicle (AGV) is a mobile robot that follows markers or wires in the floor, or uses vision, magnets, or lasers for navigation. They are most often used in industrial applications to move materials around a manufacturing facility or warehouse. Application of the automatic guided vehicle has broadened during the late 20th century.

Types Of AGV:

Towing Vehicles (also called “tugger” vehicles) were the first type introduced and are still a very popular type today. Towing vehicles can pull a multitude of trailer types and have capacities ranging from 8,000 pounds to 60, 0000 pounds.

Tugger AGVs can move trailers or trains of trailers more safely than a manually operated tugger.

Tugger AGV towing multiple trailers in a warehouse environment

AGVS Unit Load Vehicles are equipped with decks, which permit unit load transportation and often automatic load transfer. The decks can either be lift and lower type, powered or non-powered roller, chain or belt decks or custom decks with multiple compartments.

Unitload AGV (dual)

AGVS Pallet Trucks are designed to transport palletized loads to and from floor level; eliminating the need for fixed load stands.

AGVS Fork Truck has the ability to service loads both at floor level and on stands. In some cases these vehicles can also stack loads in rack. They can sometimes lift up to 30′ to store or retrieve on high-bay racking.

Forklift AGV with Stabilizer Pad

AGVS Hybrid Vehicles are adapted from a standard man-aboard truck so that they can run fully automated or be driven by a fork truck driver. These can be used for trailer loading as well as moving materials around warehouses. Most often, they are equipped with forks, but can be customized to accommodate most load types.

Hybrid AGV picking load

Light Load AGVS are vehicles which have capacities in the neighborhood of 500 pounds or less and are used to transport small parts, baskets, or other light loads though a light manufacturing environment. They are designed to operate in areas with limited space.

AGVS Assembly Line Vehicles are an adaptation of the light load AGVS for applications involving serial assembly processes.

EFACEC’s Automatic Guided Vehicles present one of the most flexible solutions for the complete automation of handling and warehousing processes. Entire logistics processes can be automated by the use of this technology, from pick up at the end of the production lines to delivery to racks or on-the-floor storage. Pallets can also be retrieved from the warehouse and delivered either at a picking area, where prepared pallets are collected further on or directly to the shipping area. Automatic truck loading adds another dimension to the possibilities offered by this technology.

For many years EFACEC has developed an extensive line of AGVs, ranging from the standard single pallet fork lift truck AGV to highly customized vehicles suited to specific customer applications. AGVs have been developed for extreme situations such as those found in clean room environments, outdoor applications or deep freeze warehousing. These vehicles can be deployed in different configurations such as high lift reach truck, forklift type, very narrow aisle, conveyor bed, among others. Depending on the load type, size, weight and reach of the application different load handling devices can be used such as fixed/adjustable forks, telescopic forks, conveyors, satellites, tri-lateral heads, and push-pull or clamp devices.

Autonomous navigation can be achieved by means of laser reflection, inductive wire, magnetic strip/spots or a combination, according to application requirements. Different alternatives for battery recharging are available, from manual replacement of battery, battery charge by opportunity up to fully automatic battery exchange stations.

The Range of EFACEC AGV Products:


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